I’ve recently embarked upon a quest to create a parametric version of the e-NABLE prosthetic designs. I’ve chosen the “Cyborg Beast” as it came highly recommended and I had the good fortune to meet one the main designers.
I have a habit of diving headfirst12 into a project I know absolutely nothing about and learning just enough to be dangerous as I go.3 Even if the results aren’t what would be called “successful” under normal circumstances, they do tend to be entertaining.
I generally get started by asking a ridiculous amount of questions.4 I have some guesses, but no concrete answers to the below. If you know, I’d greatly appreciate any comments or replies. Here’s a bunch to get us started:
- What are the minimum required measurements to create a suitable prosthetic, such as the Cyborg Beast?
- Knowing the minimum required measurements would allow a designer to better create a parametric design.
- The Cyborg Beast instructions refer the builder back to the measurement instructions for the Snap Together Robohand by Michael Curry aka Skimbal. These instructions indicate that all you need is the measurement of the width of the hand, where the hand is held flat with the fingers together, at the widest point on the knuckles. Based upon the ratio between the subject’s knuckles and the stock Robohand knuckle block, all of the parts for the model are then scaled up or down.
- The ease of reference, the entire set of instructions for the Snap Together Robohand are as follows:
Measure the length of the individual’s knuckles across the back of the hand
- from the index to pinky finger. (Example: 85mm)
Add 5mm to your measurement to account for the thickness of the gauntlet.
(Example: if the individual’s hand measures 85mm knuckle-to-knuckle, add
5mm for a total length of 90 mm).
- The knuckle block in the files you downloaded is 65mm. Divide your result by
65. (Example: 90/65 = 1.38).
- Multiply the answer times 100 to get a percentage.
(Example: 1.38 x100 = 138%).
- Scale all the parts of Robohand by this percentage before printing. This can b
e done using the ‘Scale’ tool in Makerware.
- Are there any other measurements, besides the width of the hand at the knuckles, required to create a suitable custom prosthetic?
- How do these measurements inform a customized prosthetic design?
- Scaling all parts equally makes sense for a “snap together” design where all the parts, including the fasteners, are sized together. When one is using stock parts (such as screws, elastic cord, and nylon cord)), this approach can end up requiring the builder to do a lot of post-printing work widening holes or trying to find wider screws.
- Other than scaling all parts equally, based upon knuckle measurements, is there any other modifications to the printable design required in order to create a useful prosthetic?
- How accurate do these measurements need to be in order to create a suitable prosthetic?
- Do the measurements need to be down to the micron? Is within about 1mm or so good enough?
- For each required measurement, is it better to round it up or down?
- If the only required measurement is the width of the knuckles at the widest point, I suspect that it is probably better to round this figure up, rather than down. I believe it would be much easier to add a little extra padding or tighten the velcro strapping a bit more.
- What are the important structural features of the Cyborg Beast? As in, what parts, dimensions, and part relationships are absolutely critical to its proper function and fit?
- I’m very very weak in this area. I just don’t know which parts are “load bearing” and are so critical to the function of the device that I should make special efforts to replicate them in my design. Any suggestions here are greatly appreciated.
- I suspect that the critical functional features include part thickness (especially where separate parts meet – for strength and durability), the height and length of the “outcropping” on the back of the wrist which appears to provide the mechanical advantage which causes the fingers to constrict, and the tightening block on the gauntlet.
- What are the important design features of the Cyborg Beast? As in, what parts, dimensions, and part relationships are critical to the suitability of this model over others?
- Again, I’m incredibly weak in this area. I suspect that the overall organic shape to the model is one of its most stand-out features. However, I would invite more informed comments and observations.
- What parts of the Cyborg Beast are the most improved?
- What parts of the Cyborg Beast are most in need of improvement?
- Possibly Parametric Prosthetics
- Measurements Required for DIY 3D Printed Hand Prosthetics
- Progress on Parametric Printable Prosthetic
- Printable Prosthetics R&D Q&A FAQ: Part 1 - The Questioning
- Printable Prosthetics R&D Q&A FAQ: Part 2 - The Wondering
- Printable Prosthetics R&D Q&A FAQ: Part The Third - The Answering
- Printable Prosthetics Fingers and OpenSCAD Design Tips
- Printable Parametric Prosthetics and OpenSCAD: Parametric Optimization
- Printable Parametric Prosthetics: Design Features
- Printable Prosthetics: A Mock Hand